In Q4 of 2023 EFAMRO conducted a new wave of the EFAMRO Moodindicator. Research agencies, that are members of their national trade association, were asked about the business outlook from the perspective of both their own organisation and their domestic market. In this wave, respondents from 13 European countries participated.
The sample base and response rates are relatively small in some countries and the questions differ slightly (as a result of historic benchmarking). However, the results give a good indication of the development of the European research industry, particularly when comparing the results to the results of the previous waves. The overall base for the results is 193.